Glaucoma refers to a set of diseases that all result in increased pressure on and damage to the optic nerve. While it can be easily treated, glaucoma can result in vision loss and even blindness if it is ignored. Since many people with glaucoma notice no symptoms at all, it’s important to get frequent eye exams. If you live in the Sayville, New York, area, and would like to schedule an eye exam, call All About Eyes of Sayville or make an appointment online today.
Glaucoma is the name given to a set of conditions that all have one thing in common: damage to the optic nerve, a vital part of your eye.
When your eyes are healthy, they have fluid moving through them constantly. But sometimes, a blockage can occur in the eye, causing fluid to accumulate and pressure will build on the optic nerve.
If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to further vision problems and even blindness in just a few short years.
No one is exactly sure what causes these blockages in the eye to occur, but there are several risk factors you should know about.
People who are more likely to get glaucoma include:
If you meet one or more of these criteria, you should get frequent eye exams to help catch glaucoma early.
Most people don’t experience any symptoms in the early stages of glaucoma, meaning the disease can become quite advanced before you even know something is wrong. Because of this, it’s important to get an eye exam every two years so your doctor can see if you are in the early stages of the condition.
One of the first signs to look out for is a decrease in your peripheral vision that comes on gradually and gets steadily worse over time.
In more severe cases, you can experience:
If you experience any of these more severe symptoms, you should see a doctor immediately.
The first and least-invasive option is using medicated eye drops to increase the flow of fluid through the eyes.
If a more direct approach is necessary, but your doctor still only needs to make a small change to your eye, then laser surgery could be an option to clear the blockage.
The most aggressive option is microsurgery, where your doctor creates a new channel in your eye for fluid to move through. While this carries the risks of all surgeries, including inflection and bleeding, it’s effective with even the most severe cases of glaucoma.
If you are concerned you may have glaucoma, call today to make an appointment for an eye exam or use the online scheduling tool.